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9 Most Crucial Housing Market Indicators

Learn about one of the key indicators of economic growth and the metrics used to measure it, including house sale prices, and surveys of home builders that capture the market appetite for new homes.

Written by Aaron Akwu, Head of Education Hantec Markets

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    Modern complex of apartment buildings

    Construction Spending

    Construction spending is also a pivotal indicator within the realm of housing market analysis. It serves as a barometer for the overall health of the real estate markets and the broader economy. Tracking construction spending provides insights into the current and future state of housing supply, which directly impacts home prices and the availability of mortgage loans.

    The allocation of construction funds is influenced by a myriad of factors, including mortgage rates, which can affect developers’ decisions on the feasibility of new projects. When mortgage rates are low, developers might be more inclined to invest in construction, anticipating increased demand from potential homebuyers seeking affordable mortgage loans.

    Moreover, construction spending directly ties into the monthly reports that analyse the health of the housing market. Changes in construction spending can signal shifts in market sentiment and reveal the potential for fluctuations in home prices. This interplay between construction spending, mortgage rates, and home prices underscores the complex relationships at play within the housing market ecosystem.

    Pending Sales

    New pending sales are a key indicator in the housing market, reflecting the number of properties that have recently gone under contract and are awaiting the completion of the sale process. This metric provides insights into the demand for housing, as it indicates the level of buyer interest and engagement. When new pending sales increase, it suggests a healthy market where potential buyers are actively pursuing properties.

    One interesting trend to note is that in a competitive market, properties with attractive features tend to have active listings for shorter periods before going under contract. Such properties might receive multiple offers and enter into a contract essentially immediately. This can create a sense of urgency among buyers, leading to bidding wars and potentially driving up prices.

    In contrast, a slower market might see properties spending more time as active listings before being marked as new pending sales. This could be due to factors such as higher inventory levels or less demand from buyers. Monitoring the pace at which active listings transition to new pending sales can offer insights into the overall health and vitality of the housing market.

    New Home Sales

    New home sales are a critical component of the housing market indicators, reflecting the overall health and direction of the industry. These sales play a pivotal role in shaping the economic landscape, offering insights into buyer demand, affordability, and market trends.

    In recent times, rising mortgage rates have had a significant impact on new home sales. As interest rates increase, potential buyers might face higher borrowing costs, affecting their purchasing power and influencing their decisions. This interaction between mortgage rates and new home sales underscores the delicate balance between affordability and demand.

    Price reductions also factor into the equation. When sellers reduce their asking prices, it can attract more interest from potential buyers, potentially boosting immediate sales. This dynamic is closely observed as it can signal shifts in the market sentiment, impacting both the supply and demand sides.

    The monthly report on new home sales is a keenly anticipated piece of information for real estate professionals, economists, and investors. This report provides crucial statistics on the number of homes sold, the median sales price, and the supply of new homes available. These figures are instrumental in assessing market health, identifying emerging trends, and making informed decisions.

    UK House Price Index

    Residential Construction

    Residential construction is a vital component of the real estate market, influencing housing affordability and mortgage loan availability. This sector’s performance is often analysed through a variety of indicators, including building permits, housing starts, and completions. These figures provide insights into the supply of new homes and the potential impact on housing affordability.

    Monitoring the residential construction sector helps gauge the overall health of the real estate market. An increase in building permits and housing starts can indicate strong demand for housing, potentially driving up prices if demand outpaces supply. Conversely, a decrease might signal a slowdown in the market, affecting housing affordability and mortgage loan approval rates.

    Regular analysis of residential construction indicators is crucial for informed decision-making. These insights are often presented in monthly reports, which allow industry experts, policymakers, and investors to assess market trends and make adjustments accordingly. By staying informed about residential construction trends, stakeholders can better anticipate shifts in the housing market and their potential impact on housing affordability and mortgage loan availability.

    Interest Rates

    Interest rates play a crucial role in the housing market, influencing various aspects such as house prices, average mortgage rates, and real estate data. Fluctuations in interest rates can directly impact the affordability of homes for potential buyers. When interest rates are low, borrowing costs decrease, making mortgages more affordable and potentially driving up demand, thus contributing to higher house prices. Conversely, when interest rates rise, borrowing becomes more expensive, potentially slowing down the housing market and stabilising or even lowering house prices. These rate changes also influence the average mortgage rates that borrowers are offered, affecting their decisions and the overall market dynamics. Monitoring interest rates is crucial for both buyers and sellers to gauge the health of the housing market and make informed decisions based on real estate data.

    Regional Price Indices

    Regional price indices are one of the main components of housing market analysis. They provide insight into the variations in property prices across different geographical areas. These indices allow experts to gauge the health and trends of housing markets on a localised level. Factors such as demand, supply, economic conditions, and local regulations can greatly influence these indices, offering a comprehensive picture of regional real estate dynamics.

    State-level Home Sales Reports

    State-level home sales reports are essential housing market indicators that provide valuable insights into the real estate landscape. These reports encompass a range of crucial data points that help analysts, investors, and policymakers gauge the health and trends of the housing market within a specific state. The following are some of the most crucial indicators typically found in a state-level home sales report:

    1. Home Sales Volume: This indicator reflects the total number of homes sold within a given time frame, usually a month or a quarter. It helps assess market activity and demand.
    2. Median Home Price: The median price of homes sold indicates the middle point of the price range. It gives a better representation of the market than the average, as it is less affected by outliers.
    3. Inventory Level: The number of homes available for sale compared to buyer demand is a crucial factor. Low inventory can lead to price increases and a competitive market, while high inventory might suggest a buyer’s market.
    4. Days on Market (DOM): The average number of days a home spends on the market before being sold indicates market competitiveness and buyer sentiment. A shorter DOM often indicates a stronger market.
    5. List-to-Sale Price Ratio: This ratio reveals how close the final sale price is to the initial listing price. A ratio above 100% suggests homes are selling above the asking price.
    6. Foreclosure Rate: The percentage of homes in the foreclosure process reflects the health of the market and economic conditions. A higher foreclosure rate might indicate financial distress for homeowners.
    7. Mortgage Rates: The prevailing interest rates influence affordability and demand. Lower rates tend to stimulate home-buying activity.
    8. New Construction: The number of new housing units being built can provide insights into future supply and overall market health.

    NAHB's Housing Market Index

    The National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) Housing Market Index is a crucial indicator that measures the confidence of homebuilders in the single-family housing market. It provides insights into the current state and future prospects of the housing market. The index is based on a monthly survey conducted by the NAHB, where builders are asked to rate the market conditions for new homes on a scale from 0 to 100. A score above 50 indicates positive sentiment, while below 50 suggests a negative outlook. This index is valuable for investors, policymakers, and anyone interested in tracking trends within the housing market.

    Relationship between Housing Market Indicators and Forex Markets

    Housing market indicators can have an indirect influence on forex markets due to their impact on a country’s economy and investor’s sentiment. For instance, factors like housing starts, building permits, and home sales can reflect the health of a nation’s economy. A robust housing market often signifies economic growth, leading to potential currency strength.

    Also, interest rates set by central banks in response to housing market conditions can affect forex markets. Lower interest rates, aimed at stimulating the housing market, can lead to a weaker currency as investors seek higher yields elsewhere. Conversely, higher interest rates to curb an overheating housing market might attract foreign investors seeking better returns, strengthening the currency.

    Finally, consumer confidence driven by housing market conditions can influence spending patterns, which in turn impact a nation’s economic outlook and currency values. Positive housing data can boost consumer confidence in the economy, leading to increased spending on domestic goods and services. This rise in consumer spending can contribute to economic growth and attract foreign investors, potentially strengthening the national currency.


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